CS capacitance sensors are ideally suited for use as cryogenic temperature control sensors in strong magnetic fields because they exhibit virtually no magnetic field dependence. Displacement current is not affected by magnetic fields. Consequently, temperature control fluctuations are kept to a minimum when sweeping magnetic field or when changing field values under constant temperature operation.



Cernox® thin film resistance cryogenic temperature sensors offer significant advantages over comparable bulk or thick film resistance sensors. The smaller package size of these thin film sensors makes them useful in a broader range of experimental mounting schemes, and they are also available in a chip form. They are easily mounted in packages designed for excellent heat transfer, yielding a characteristic thermal response time much faster than possible with bulk devices requiring strain-free mounting. Additionally, they have been proven very stable over repeated thermal cycling and under extended exposure to ionizing radiation.

Thermocouple Wire

Thermocouples are used in a variety of cryogenic applications, but special techniques must be employed to approach temperature accuracies of 1% of temperature, even without consideration for the effects of high magnetic fields or high radiation fluxes. The problems are further complicated by exposure to variable gradient conditions at cryogenic temperatures.


DT-670 Series silicon diodes offer better accuracy over a wider temperature range than any previously marketed silicon diodes. Conforming to the Curve DT-670 standard voltage versus temperature response curve, sensors within the DT-670 series are interchangeable, and for many applications do not require individual calibration. DT-670 sensors in the SD package are available in four tolerance bands—three for general cryogenic use across the 1.4 K to 500 K temperature range, and one that offers superior accuracy for applications from 30 K to room temperature. DT-670 sensors also come in a seventh tolerance band, B and E, which are available only as bare die. For applications requiring greater accuracy, DT-670-SD diodes are available with calibration across the full 1.4 K to 500 K temperature range.


The bare die sensor, the DT-670E-BR, provides the smallest physical size and fastest thermal response time of any silicon diode on the market today. This is an important advantage for applications where size and thermal response time are critical, including focal plane arrays and high temperature superconducting filters for cellular communication.

GaAIAs Diodes

The TG-120 gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode cryogenic temperature sensors are particularly well suited for low to moderate magnetic field applications at low temperatures. The GaAlAs sensing element exhibits high sensitivity (dV/dT) at low temperatures. Voltage-temperature characteristics are monotonic over the sensor’s useful range from 1.4 K to 500 K (see data plots below).

Gallium-aluminum-arsenide diodes are direct band-gap, single junction devices that produce small output variances in the presence of magnetic fields. Consequently, their low magnetic field dependence makes them ideally suited for applications in moderate magnetic fields up to 5 T.


Lake Shore germanium resistance temperature sensors are recognized as “Secondary Standard Thermometers” and have been employed in the measurement of temperature from 0.05 K to 30 K for nearly 40 years.

HR Series Sensors

The HR Series is a new line of high reliability cryogenic temperature sensors for mission-critical applications. Starting with our proven temperature sensor technology, we have developed a family of off-the-shelf sensors that have already undergone extreme testing steps to assure you of extra reliability.


PT-100 platinum resistance thermometers (PRTs) are an excellent choice for use as cryogenic temperature sensing and control elements in the range from 30 K to 873 K (-243 °C to 600 °C). Over this temperature span, PRTs offer high repeatability and nearly constant sensitivity (dR/dT). Platinum resistors are also useful as control elements in magnetic field environments where errors approaching one degree can be tolerated. PRTs are interchangeable above 70 K. The use of controlled-purity platinum assures uniformity from one device to another.


Ruthenium Oxide (Rox™)

Ruthenium oxide temperature sensors are thick-film resistors, with most models suitable for use in applications involving magnetic fields. These composite sensors consist of bismuth ruthenate, ruthenium oxides, binders, and other compounds that allow them to obtain the necessary temperature and resistance characteristics. Each Lake Shore Rox™ model adheres to a single resistance versus temperature curve.